The Facts About HPV
HPV is the most common sexually transmitted infection in the United States and around the world. Twenty million sexually active individuals are infected and six million a year will become infected.
Most HPV infections do not cause any symptoms and go away on their own. However, HPV is important because it can cause cervical cancer in women. Every year in the United States about 10,000 women get cervical cancer and 3,700 die from it. It is the second leading cause of cancer deaths among women around the world.
HPV is also associated with several less common types of cancer in both men and women. It can cause genital warts and warts in the upper respiratory tract.
More than 50% of sexually active men and women are infected with HPV at sometime in their lives.
There is no treatment for HPV infection, but the conditions it causes can be treated.
The Facts About Gardasil®
HPV vaccine is an inactivated (not live) vaccine which protects against four major types of HPV.
These include two types that cause 70% of cervical cancer and two types that cause about 90% of genital warts. HPV vaccine can prevent most genital warts and most cases of cervical cancer.
Protection from HPV vaccine is expected to be long-lasting. However, vaccinated women still need cervical cancer screenings because the vaccine does not protect against all HPV types that cause cervical cancer.
Gardisil® is for girls and women between the ages of 9 and 26 years. The vaccine is given as a three dose series.
- 1st Dose: NOW
- 2nd Dose: Two months after Dose 1
- 3rd Dose: Six months after Dose 1
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